We bought a house with about 5 acres of wooded property in October of 2000. Later that year we found a piece of stone that appeared to be an 'arrowhead'. After three years we decided to identify it. So we bought the book, "A Field Guide to Stone Artifacts of Texas Indians" by Ellen Turner & Thomas Hester. The only item that matched our 'arrowhead' was a dart point called a Plainview point, created 10,000 years ago!
We contacted the Texas Archaeological Society for an official opinion. They recommended Al Redder from Waco, a local expert on Indian artifacts, who verified that it was indeed a Plainview point. We arranged for him to visit our property to look for other signs of ancient inhabitants. He told us that Native American settlements had been located nearby, so he was not surprised that artifacts would be found on our property. In fact, he discovered a few chips of flint during our walk through the woods.
The next day we searched the spot where Al had found the chips and found about 50 more. Over the next 6 months we gathered 600+ chips from various parts of the property. Among them we found about a dozen identifiable artifacts, including dart points, fist-sized scrapers, and arrowheads. Using our book we determined that the artifacts belonged to various cultures living here between 10,000 to 500 years ago.
We brought our new discoveries to Al and he suggested that we have our property designated as an official archaeological site in Texas. He helped us with the paperwork and sent in our application to the University of Texas - Austin. It is now officially designated as site #41ML278 (trinomial).
At many archaeological sites, artifacts from distinct cultures tend to be found in separate layers of soil. At our site artifacts from many cultures are found together on the surface. Al surmised that soil did not build up over the years due to rain run-off, grassland fires, and other factors.
The Plainview and Perdiz shown on the photo page were classified by Al. The others are inferred from the book mentioned above.
We decided to call our site Red Bud because our property is part of the subdivision known as Redbud Estates.